Indonesia’s national energy policy has set a target for the energy mix of New Renewable Energy (EBT) beyond oil by 25% in 2030 to reach 31% in 2050. And the government makes biodiesel a priority to pursue the new and renewable energy mix target which is directly anticipating the increasing national energy consumption. Indonesia’s energy consumption was 855.3 million barrels of oil equivalent (BOE) in 2017 and rose to 936.3 million BOE in 2018.
Since the commencement of the mandatory biodiesel fuel program in 2008 was 2.5% and in 2015 it was 15% up to 2016 by 20%, the government has now officially opened the B30% mandatory program at the end of December 2019 and will continue until it reaches B100. This is due to the increasing national energy consumption from year to year.
Indonesia’s total biodiesel production according to the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources in 2009 was 190,000 KL and during the decade to 2019 biodiesel production increased 36-fold to reach 6.9 million KL. In terms of domestic consumption, an increase of 119,000 KL in 2009 to 5.5 million KL in 2019 and is expected to reach 9.4 million KL in 2020. The rate of consumption growth is quite high.
The mandatory B30 program will now be implemented in the fisheries, agriculture, land and sea transportation sectors, power plants, commercial and industrial sectors. There are several challenges in the use of biodiesel as fuel, including the environmental standardization for the production of low-emission biodiesel, as well as transparency and traceability of the origin (traceability) of palm oil so that biodiesel remains sustainable, the availability of biodiesel itself to technical problems in the user engine.
Specifically for technical problems with the engine, biodiesel easily forms a gel (sediment) and also causes sludge in the engine combustion chamber that affects engine performance to maintenance problems. This certainly requires minor adjustments or modifications to the engine if needed. This directly affects the guarantee or insurance from the machine maker. (IMES-0220)